For all students, bilingualism is a cognitive and linguistic asset. Developing the language used in the home by parents, grandparents, or other relatives also promotes healthy self-image, pride in one’s heritage, and greater connection with one’s community. This cultural awareness and appreciation for diversity is, in fact, critical for all students to develop in order to prepare to be global-minded individuals. -California ELA/ELD Framework, Chapter 2
Our EL Program Coronado Unified School District’s instructional framework for supporting English learners is based on current research related to effective instructional practices for second language learners. The following guiding principles, as defined by the ELA/ELD Framework, provide a compass for our work:
- Schooling should help students achieve their highest potential.
- The responsibility for learners' literacy and language development is shared.
- ELA/literacy and ELD curricula should be well designed, comprehensive, and integrated.
- Effective teaching is essential to student success.
- Motivation and engagement play crucial roles in learning.
California State law requires that all English learners are placed in an English language acquisition program that is appropriate for their grade and English proficiency level. The instructional framework for English Learners includes Designated English Language Development (ELD) with an emphasis on providing access to grade level content while developing academic language.
Designated English Language Development is part of a comprehensive approach to improve the academic achievement of English learners in listening, speaking, reading, and writing. At the elementary level, Designated ELD is a targeted, proficiency level based approach with its own dedicated time of 30 minutes each day taught by a dedicated CUSD EL Resource Teacher. Secondary EL students' needs are met during one period of ELD. Essential components of Designated ELD include:
- Purposeful placement of students by English language proficiency level.
- Explicit teaching of how English works in a meaningful context.
- Emphasis on substantial oral language practice to ensure accuracy and fluency.
- Attention to the use of newly taught language throughout the day in academic and social settings.
- Ongoing progress monitoring of English language development.
Integrated ELD: EL students are supported in every CUSD classroom; all CUSD teachers hold a required English Learner Authorization and Cross-cultural, Language, and Academic Development (CLAD) certificate. Teachers engage in research-based professional development to strengthen their implementation of the instructional framework and integrate the ELD standards with all content areas. Once ELs are reclassified as Fluent English Proficient (RFEP), they continue to be monitored and supported in all classrooms.
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